The war against drug abuse is waged by various individuals and organizations throughout the world. The social organizations take a lead in the war against drug use and drug abuse. However, the war on drug abuse is not only an affair that is perpetuated by the social organizations, but a movements that has a backup of the government. The federal government of the United States of America is a pioneer in the promotion of anti-drug abuse policies. The effort of the government is, however, hindered by the democratic practices that is embraced all over the world. Though individuals whose age is in tandem with the legal provisions of drug consumption have a right to use the drugs, the dangers and effects ripple to the entire populace. There is, therefore, reason for the government to revamp its efforts in combating the menace of drug use and drug abuse.

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One strategy that the policymakers embrace is drug education. Drug education aims at informing the public and expelling ignorance from the populace. The issue of drug education is exacerbated by the increase in the number of people who are victim to drug abuse. There is a significant proportion of people who are addicted to drug abuse owing to the influence that they receive from their peers. The main objective of drug education is to ensure that the general population is less vulnerable to the detrimental effects of drug use and drug abuse. Drug education targets the population of students and those of college. This is based on research that indicates that the adolescents are highly prone to be victims of drug use and drug abuse due to the influence that they receive from their peers. Drug education is utilizes using two main platforms. First, class room activity enables the learners to study the topic on drugs as they study other education disciplines. The classroom activity involves lectures, talks from the medical and activist groups and evaluation exercises. The evaluation exercises enables the tutors to gauge the extent to which the student understand the topic on drug us and drug abuse. Second is the use of media platforms. Print and audiovisual media are the widely used media channels that grant the learners an opportunity to be aware of the deleterious effects of drug use and drug abuse. The print and audiovisual media has a wider reach, therefore, the choice to utilize them as the preferred platform to spread the message on drug use and drug abuse.

Besides the media platforms, festivals and events are key tenets that the anti-drug campaign tem have to spread the message on the need to counter drug use. The events and the festivals mainly target the youthful age who have the psyche of testing use of substances without making consideration of the harms that such substances pose to their general health.

A major setback in the war against drug use and drug abuse is lack of consensus amongst the populace in the classification of drugs that are harmful. The current consensus is that drug use is bad and there is need to eradicate drug abuse. The hindrance is that a majority of the populace do not want their preferred choices of drugs to be included in the list of drugs that need to be exterminated. The end result is that disagreements arise with some parallel activist groups ganging to oppose the efforts on drug education. Part of hindrances to the consensus is the report that is laid on table by reputable organization such as the medical fraternity. There are drugs that are strong when consumed raw but are highly valuable during medical procedures.

Culture is one of the setback that the war on drug abuse receives. The public perception is that there is a class of drugs that seem to be hard and a class of drugs that are not so hard. Drugs such as bhang and cocaine seem to be hard based on the public opinion while alcohol seems not to be hard drug. The legal threshold of the minimum age that one needs to meet to be able to voluntarily take on drugs needs a roundtable that incorporates all the players to make the decisions. Children need to be firmly expelled from the age bracket that is under the legal banner of partaking in drug abuse.

Despite the amount of money that is spent by the government departments and the non-governmental organization, there is need to offer a critical analysis on the impact of the funding. Aim of financing programs that steer drug education is to minimize the number of people who are under the influence of drugs. Notably, there is no evidence of the efficacy of financing drug education. The current statistics indicate a decline in the number of people are under the influence of drugs. Part of financing of the drug education need to go to evaluation tasks to gauge the extent at which drug education is effective.

The benefits of drug education are immense. The benefits that those who are affected and those who are victims derive from the initiative is not only limited to them withdrawing from drug abuse. There is a positive realism that the drug educator imparts on the general populace who offer audience to him or her. The social educator utilizes the institutions and social gatherings as an avenue to propagate the message that he or she has to the target audience.

The definition of drug draws from many sources and terminologies. As such, there is no one universally accepted definition of a drug. The most notable definition of a drug is that it is a substance that has the ability to change the normal functioning of the body and in particular, the nervous system. Drugs are both medicinal and non-medicinal. The medicinal drugs are those that are taken for medication purposes and the nonmedicinal drugs are taken for stimulation or for the user to feel good. The medicinal drugs that are prone to abuse are the over the counter medicine such as paracetamol while non medicinal drugs that are prone to abuse include bhang, cocaine and alcohol.

The wrongful use of a drug leads to drug abuse. Drug abuse results when the user of a drug does not adhere to the instructions that a medical practitioners issue. The primary use of a drug ought to be strictly for medicinal and treatment purposes only. Addiction results differently based on the effects that a drug can have in the body of an individual. Conventionally, the hard drugs have a higher potential of causing addiction. For example, continual abuse of cocaine creates more chances of the user being addicted unlike the continual use of paracetamol. There is a clear difference between drug addiction and drug misuse. An example of drug misuse is when one develops a habit to take Panadol tablets whenever he or she feels a headache without seeking advice of a physician. Example of drug addiction is when one feels his or her body shaking without taking an injection of cocaine. Drug education is the chief solution is reversing the negative trends that are presented by drug misuse and drug addiction. Drug education equips the potential victims on the need of not partaking in drug abuse besides offering the necessary counselling support that is necessary to the perennial drug abuser.

The best strategies to fight drug misuse and drug abuse is to embrace the mechanisms that are available for the prevention of drug abuse. The target population that is worse hit by drug abuse and addiction associated problem need to undergo the counseling support that is necessary and contextualized to them. There is also need to identify the root causes that compel the target group to be addicted to drug abuse with view of understanding the potential root cause. Some of the hypothetical causes of drug abuse include lack of meaning economic activity to engage in and peer pressure. Some people are enslaved by drug addiction due to the environment that they live. Alcohol is one such drug that has drawn a larger proportion of the populace not only in the United States but the world over.

Prevention strategy needs to integrate the professional bodies and associations that have the ability to have a deeper penetration to the target population. There is need to integrate some activities within the society that can keep the highly vulnerable population from falling prey to the drug abuse and drug misuse. One of the reasons that drive people, particularly the youth to drug abuse is drug abuse is idleness. Drugs acts as the substitute to the youths who are in dire need of something that is able to keep them busy.

Peer education and peer support groups is the best avenue that can be utilized in prevention of drug abuse and drug misuse. There is need to tap on the services of the individuals who are reformed from the detrimental effects of drug use and drug abuse. Those who have reformed are able to passionately act as the peer drug educators besides being able to identify with the personal issues that the drug users undergo. Development if intervention measures also need to utilize the services of heath promoters, public health officials and counselling psychologist. Drug use and drug abuse are social problems that ridden the entire society. The need for intervention strategies require the input of the mentioned professional owing to the expert knowledge that is necessary.

Alcohol abuse offers more insight in the topic of drugs, drug misuse and drug abuse. Alcohol is an ingredient that has copious diverse effects on individuals. There are both good influences if consumed moderately and in small quantities and the undesirable short term and long-term effects of alcohol on persons. However, adverse consequences of excessive intake of alcohol outweigh the perceived benefits. Effects of alcohol consumption on particular people depend on several factors For instance, age, weight, tolerance to alcohol and amount of fat or muscle. Other notable factors include other medications and drugs in the system, the amount of food in the stomach, mental health and emotional state and the physical health of a person.

Alcohol consumption has both short-term and long-term effects. The habitual drinkers mostly experience the short-term impacts of alcohol consumption. A dependent drinker is likely to experience more severe and long-term effects of alcohol. They have a higher tolerance to alcohol and often drink much more without suffering any noticeable short-term effects. Some of the short-term effects of alcohol includes; faster heartbeat, talkative feeling at the initial stages. Further, the brain and nervous system begins to be affected. This results in poor judgment and decision-making, causing the consumer to be reckless and uninhibited. Soon the alcohol alters the cells in the user nervous system, making him/her feel light-headed thus, reaction time and co-ordination. At this point, the consumer response times will be slower, and his/her speech will start to slur, and his/her vision will begin to lose focus. More alcohol consumption will lead to severe co-ordination problem, placing the consumer at serious risk of causing unintended injury and accident.

Alcohol Poisoning is also another short-term effect of alcohol. High amount of alcohol in the body could result in poisoning. The consumers’ body tries to pass quickly out the alcohol into the urine. This will make the user feeling very dehydrated. This will lead to headache, digestion upset leading to symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

The abuse of alcohol has serious long-term negative effects on the drinker, people close to the drinker and the entire society. For instance, alcohol consumption has adverse effects on the drinker’s physical health. This is the worst effect of alcohol because it can cause death or long-term diseases. For example, some of the diseases associated with alcoholism are the cancer of the stomach, kidneys, and liver. Alcohol also interferes with the digestion of nutrients that the body needs to stay healthy.

Attitudinal change is one of the strategies that the government can employ in dealing with the menace of drug abuse. The government of the United States of America is a key support in the programs and initiative that gear towards reversing the deleterious effects of drug use and drug abuse. There seems to be misconceptions regarding drug and drug abuse amongst the youth. The drug educators need to walk the youth through the misconception to ensure that they learn and understand that which is true and proven regarding drugs and drug abuse. The misconception is responsible for the flourishing negative attitudes regarding drug use and drug abuse. Changing the misconception will further lead to a change in attitudes of the youth. Changing the misconception will further ripple positive effects in the fight against drug misuse and drug abuse.

Alcohol consumption among women results in pregnancy problems and complication. Alcohol negatively impacts on both the alcoholic pregnant woman and the innocent, such as unborn children. Pregnant women who regularly consume alcohol can cause severe damage to the unborn baby. The damage could both be physical and mental birth defects. Most children born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy suffer from either Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or with Fetal Alcohol Effects.

The use and consumption of drug amongst the youth is not spread evenly. Different youth are differently susceptible to partake in drug use and drug abuse. The determining factor is the geographical context to which the youth lives. It is, therefore, almost impossible to determine vulnerability of the youth to abuse alcohol, cocaine, tobacco and other drugs.

Concisely, the issue of drug abuse and drug misuse fits in two categories. The problem is both educational and criminal. The problem is educational since a majority of those who are victims of drugs and drug abuse are ignorant and are mere victims of circumstances through peer pressure. The problem is criminal since taking some drugs that are banned by the government contravenes various legislations that are set by the government thus the need to effect criminal justice systems. There is need for faster uptake of comprehensive strategies from the local to the national level to effect change in the society. Reversing the saddening state of drug abuse in the society, there is need for families to place their lives in order. Parents need to have a friendly bond with their children in view of understanding their frustrations. When families have a tight bond, there is low chances of the youth engaging in drug abuse.

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